Shree L. R. Tiwari College of Engineering

Mechanical or Electronics and Communication Engineering? Which one to choose?

Science, engineering and technology are distinct, yet interrelated disciplines. Science is the study of the natural world by scientific method i.e. collecting data through a systematic process. Technology is where we apply science to create devices that can solve problems and perform different tasks. Technology is literally the application of science. So, it is really impossible to separate the two. Engineering field applies scientific principles to solve problems or develop products.

As an engineering aspirant, your primary focus is on clearing JEE Main, JEE Advanced and other entrance exams so that you are able to get a good engineering seat. But, you should also keep in mind that the engineering branch you choose will have major implications on your career. In this article I have compiled a list of all the major Engineering branches, along with I have discussed which branch to be selected, whether mechanical or Electronics and Communication Engineering? 

Engineering is not only booming as an industry but also as an academic sphere that holds a bright future. The Engineering Colleges in India, have been offering a four-year Bachelor of Engineering (BE) or Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) degree with various specializations. Depending on the field of study, there are a multitude of degrees being offered by these colleges in the present times.

Having multiple options can sometimes confuse the candidates. Thus, candidates face a lot of difficulties while picking the best among B. Tech Mechanical Engineering and Electronics & Communication. Since a bachelor’s degree is an important stage in deciding the future, one needs to do a lot of research to choose the best option.

To start with, the candidates need to have full information about what the degrees are about and what future scope they hold. Another aspect that needs to be known is the types of jobs one can get into the industry after completing the degree. Here, we have jotted down the degrees and their respective career opportunities.

Overview of Mechanical Engineering:

About the degree: BE or B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering is a four-year degree that focuses on imparting knowledge about design, analytics, physics, and mathematics. To be accurate, it is a study of objects and systems in motion. This has become one of the most sought after degrees in this era because of all the Highest Paying Mechanical Jobs in India.

Eligibility: All candidates who have passed 10+2 with Mathematics and Physics as compulsory subjects from any recognized board along with one of the subjects: Computer science, Biology, Chemistry, Biotechnology are eligible.

Career Opportunities after Mechanical Engineering:

  • Acoustic Consultant
  • Clinical Technologist
  • Corporate Investment Banker
  • Land-based Engineer
  • Mining Engineer
  • Patent Attorney
  • Production Manager
  • Technical Sales Engineer

Companies in which Mechanical Engineers can get jobs to include the following:

  • Larsen & Toubro
  • Godrej
  • Mahindra & Mahindra
  • Maruti Suzuki
  • Bajaj

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)Boeing

  • General Motors
  • GAIL
  • IOCL
  • BHEL
  • NHPC
  • Tata Motors
  • Bosch India

Overview of Electronics and Communication Engineering:

About the degree: BE or B.Tech in Electronics and Communication Engineering is a four-year degree that makes students well-acquainted with the processes of research, designing, developing, and evaluating electronic equipment that is used in various systems.

Eligibility: All candidates who have passed 10+2 with Mathematics and Physics as compulsory subjects from any recognized board along with one of the subjects: Computer science, Biology, Chemistry, Biotechnology are eligible.

Career Opportunities after Electronics and Communication:

After completing a four-year degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering, the candidates can work as:

  • Service Engineer
  • Network Planning Engineer
  • R&D Software Engineer
  • Software Analyst
  • Technical Director

Government and Private Companies in which candidates can work include:

  • Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited(BHEL)
  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
  • Gas Authority India Ltd(GAIL)
  • Hindustan Aeronautics Limited(HAL)
  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited(IOCL)
  • Steel Authority of India(SAIL)
  • Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited(HPCL)
  • Defense Research and Development Organisation(DRDO)
  • National Thermal Power Corporation(NTPC)
  • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
  • Intel(Analog and Digital Electronics, VLSI)
  • Qualcomm(Wireless communications, VLSI)
  • Broadcom(Communications, VLSI)

How to choose the best option?

Now without wasting any time, let’s get down to the important facts. The only question which you should be asking yourself: What are my interests? Yes, the best decisions can be made knowing about what you want and what are the options available. By analyzing those options you can make a rational decision in no time.

So, choose B.E Mechanical Engineering if you are fascinated by the idea of designing and developing heavy machines, robots, automobiles, infrastructure parts, and so on. Another important trait that you must have to choose this degree is being extremely good at physics and mathematics because they are important subjects when it comes to mechanical engineering.

On the other hand, if you are interested in designing, developing, testing, and evaluating electronics equipment, you can choose Electronics and Communication Engineering. ECE should be chosen by those who are tech-savvy and like working on electronic systems.

Conclusion: The choices made in this stage of life define our future and so, they should be made after conducting proper research. Although Mechanical Engineering and Electronics & Communication Engineering have great career opportunities appended to them, candidates must pick the one that suits their interests.

The number of large/ small organisations absorbing mechanical engineers is much more than ECE. So the scope is also higher. The salary depends on how good are you at your studies and also marketing yourself to the probable employers.
  1. The TATA Group TATA Group, one of India’s largest and most successful business groups, leads the mechanical engineering industry. Mechanical engineering graduates are encouraged to apply for positions at Tata Steel, Tata Motors, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Tata Power, and Tata Chemicals.
  2. Thermax It is a well-known Indian energy and environmental engineering firm for boilers and toughened glass. Mechanical engineering graduates can find numerous job opportunities in design, electronics, and information technology.
  3. Larsen & Toubro (L&T) Every engineering student’s dream comes true when they work for the well-known L&T group. There are numerous opportunities for mechanical engineering freshers in L&T’s various operational areas, including L&T Technology Services, L&T Solar, L&T Infotech, and EWAC Alloys Limited.
  4. Ashok Leyland The most well-known automobile manufacturing company in India has a plethora of openings for mechanical engineering freshers. Fresh graduates are welcome to work in areas such as manufacturing, information technology, product design, and electronics.
  5. Kirloskar An Indian conglomerate based in Pune that produces Engines and Parts, Compressors, Valves, Pumps, Agricultural Products, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning-related items for which mechanical engineers are hired.
  6. GM (General Motors) General Motors is India’s fifth largest vehicle exporter. GM India hires fresh graduates from mechanical engineering colleges for positions in manufacturing, product design, information technology, and production.
  7. Mahindra & Mahindra The firm is involved in the automotive, farm equipment, information technology, and other related industries. It is ideal for mechanical engineering graduates looking for work.
  1. Havells India Ltd
  2. Bajaj Electronics
  3. The Kirloskar Electric Company Limited
  4. Honeywell or Hail (Honeywell Automation India Limited)
  5. 3M India
  6. Philips Electronics India
  7. Bosch in India
  8. Surya Roshni Ltd
  9. Sterlite Technologies
  10. Compton Greaves or CG Power
An electronics and communication engineer can work in
  1. Aviation and Avionics
  2. Consumer Electronics
  3. Electricity Plant
  4. Manufacturing
  5. Transportation
  6. Communication & Telecommunication
  7. Computer Application
  8. Radio & Television
  9. Diagnostic Equipment Manufacturing
  10. Offshore Companies.
BE stands for Bachelor of Engineering while BTech stands for Bachelor in Technology. The major difference is the fact that BE is more knowledge-based while BTech is skill-oriented. Due to this, the curriculum of BTech is more updated as the skills change as per industrial needs.

B.E and B.Tech both are under graduate Engineering degree. If you are doing engineering in college which is under University like Mumbai, panjab, shivaji, savitribai phule Pune University etc.. then you will get B.E.

If you are doing engineering in college which is autonomous or government or private you will get B.Tech degree.
  • For B.E- University decides the syllabus which is more theory oriented.
  • For B.Tech your college decides the syllabus which is more practical oriented.
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