Shree L. R. Tiwari College of Engineering

Catalogue of B.E. Project

Title RIVER INTERLINKING and FLOOD MITIGATION
Guide Name Prof. Mrunalini Deshmukh
Group members
  1. Amey Jaitapkar (20)
  2. Shivam Mishra (27)
  3. Abhishek Pandey (35)
  4. Shekhar Pandey (36)
Abstract The interlinking of rivers involving water transfer from one basin to another through canals, tunnels or water lifts, hence using the excess of water of some region to another region where the water is deficit. India almost depended on the south-west and north-east monsoons or on the shallow cyclonic depressions and disturbances and on violent local storms which forms in region where cool humid winds of the sea meet the dry winds from the land and occasionally takes cyclonic dimension. Hence few areas of country are affected by the droughts while other areas are affected by occasionally seasonal floods. This is true that with growing human population and rising living standard, the demand for supplies of fresh water will increase and due to limited resources it. Will be insufficient to meet demand. Hence, it is of utmost importance to plan efficient method that can cop up with upcoming water scarcity problems. Flood impact is one of the most significa nt disasters in the world. More than half of global flood damages occur in Asia. Causes of floods are due to natural factors such as heavy rainfall, high floods and high tides, etc., and human factors such as blocking of channels or aggravation of drainage channels, improper land use, deforestation in headwater regions, etc. Floods result in losses of life and damage properties. Population increase results in more urbanization, more impervious area and less infiltration and greater flood peak and runoff. Problems become more critical due to more severe and frequent flooding likely caused by climate change, socio- economic damage, population affected, public outcry and limited funds. Flood loss prevention and mitigation includes structural flood control measures such as construction of dams or river dikes and non- structural measures such as flood forecasting and warning, flood hazard and risk management, public participation and institutio nal arrangement, etc. This paper describes concepts, policy, plan and operation on integrated urban flood disaster and risk management. In most developing countries, flood disaster management activities are handled by government. Sustainable development has become a guiding principle of human activities nowadays. Sustainable transport can take a great part in future development. Today this is not the case, and road transport contributes to this above all. For sustainab le transport development the necessity of modal shift is inevitable and the inland waterway navigation should get the higher share of the total transport where there is an alternative. This presentation shows the reasons why the inland waterway navigation can increase the level of sustainability.
Title STABILITY OF GRAVITY DAM ON SOFT SOIL
Guide Name MR. B.M.BANSODE
Group Members 1.RONAK.B.MADKE 2.RAJBAHADUR.R.GUPTA 3.TEJBAHADUR.R.GUPTA 4.RAJAN.A.MISHRA
Abstract This study is concerned with stabilization of gravity dam on soft soil. An earthen dam is made of earth and resists the forces exerted upon it mainly due to shear strength of soil. Whereas gravity dam are massive concrete or masonry structure which counteract the force of water pressure with its self-weight. Thus gravity dams are preferable in modern construction purpose. Key problem in gravity dam is to check its stability on soft soil. Soft soil does not provide enough stability to such heavy structure and difficulty increases if there are several weak structural planes in foundation. Soft soil improvement in-situ sanitation and stabilization techniques designed to improve the overall properties of soft soil. These techniques help to stabilize the foundation structure and immobilize heavy metals and other soil contaminants. Changes in soil structure were used to determine the basic properties of soil. These changes included properties such as liquid limit, plastic limit, optimum moisture content, CBR, maximum dry density. The forces, by various soil tests, were plotted and calculated.
Title UNDER WATER TUNNEL
Guide Name PROF. B. M. BANSODE SIR
Group members 1.YADAV HEMANT 2.SINGH ABHIJEET 3.SINGH AMANKUMAR 4.YADAV UPENDRA
Abstract 1. The rapid increase in population has led to a very wide use of underground space for various purposes. The underground structures like tunnels are considered as an important mode of transportaton as well as a channel for life line utlities. Tunnels are basically classified into underwater and underground tunnels. The stability of the underground structures is dependent on many factors. The reported studies on underground tunnels have showed the various factors affectng the stability and the mechanical behaviour of these structures. However, studies reported on tunnel segments subjected to fatigue loading are very few. Tunnels may be subjected to fatigue loading in the case of shallow underwater tunnels where in the seasonal variations of water level plays a very important role. 2.With the urban population increasing, conurbation is getting more and more crowed, traffic jam happens everywhere. In this case, utilization of the underground and underwater space has become an effective way to undertake this set of problems. Tunnel construction is one of the important infrastructure projects, which is vital for enhancing the transportation networks, especially in congested cities. This review project presents a framework for selecting the appropriate tunneling method and transportation network with respect to the induced ground surface settlements. Parameters which have significant influence on the ground surface settlement will also be discussed in this project. This paper will help the contractors, engineers and designer in selecting appropriate method and estimating the required cost and time for construction of a tunnel. Keywords: Settlement, tunneling method, tunnel geometry, geological condition, parameters effecting tunnel.
Title MINIMIZATION OF MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
Guide Name Prof. Pankaj Jadhav
Group members 1.Darshan Dalvi 6 2.Mangesh Gupta 14 3.Chaitanya Mane 25 4.Mayureshwar Talekar 62
Abstract Recently, taking into consideration the work done by Mr. Afroz Shah, of cleaning Versova lake. He tried collecting the waste manually with the help of his team. However, it was a manual work, consuming a plathora amount of time. But we have seen very drastic and beautiful changes in the environmental cover of Versova. Growth of tortoise has been also seen in the vicinity of that area. But if the same work is done technically, we can clear maximum area within short period of time. To provide the same work a bit technical view a mechanical device is necessary which could gather all the waste at rapid pace. The expanse including varieties of waste is quite large hence plastic and oil are the basic aspects to be focused on. These wastes are non-degradable. Sea being a mother of large living organisms it is necessary to keep it safe as early as possible. Sea wastes are marine debris which are created by humans that has deliberately or accidentally been released in different water bodies. This disposal must be cleaned in order to avoid excess accumulation which may in future not even provide space for we human beings to survive due to increase in water boundaries. In the following project we have studied the technical ways to prepare a device to collect the sea waste more rapidly and effectively.
Title USE OF COIR AS DAMP PROOFING MATERIAL
Guide Name Prof. Pankaj Jadhav
Group members 1.Yash Chavan (Roll no 04) 2.Atul More (Roll no 28) 3.Suraj Pandit (Roll no37) 4.Harshad pawar (Roll no 42)
Abstract The high cost of conventional construction materials is a dominating factor affecting housing system around the world. Green approach refers to a use of natural and renewable source of energy replacing or reducing environmentally unfrie ndly materials. The present study discusses about the importance of reinforcement of concrete to be used as a damp proofing material. The fiber obtained from the dry outer covering of the coconut fiber is termed as “c”. These coir fibers have the tendency to be used as reinforcement in low-cost concrete structures particularly in earthquake regions because of their property of toughness and sturdiness. Some advantages of coir fibers include insect proof, resistant to fungi and decay, provide good insulation against temperature and sound. Coconut fiber is available in abundance at the test site, which makes it quite viable as a reinforcement material in concrete. Further, it acts as a new source of income for the coconut producer who gets the benefits of the new demand generated by the construction industry. In addition to this, it is an effective method for the disposal of coir mattress waste which will reduce the demand for additional waste disposal infrastructure and decrease the load on existing landfills and incinerators. The problem of high rate of water absorption of the fiber could be reduced by coating the fibers with oil. Moreover, the fibers being natural in origin is ecologically sustainable and can bring down the global carbon footprint quite effectively.
Title Solar Automated Traffic Signal
Guide Name Prof. Kritika Keshari
Group members 1.Sagar Panchal (34) 2.Sachin Pal (33) 3.Jeemitkumar Gohel (12) 4.Mitesh Mori (29)
Abstract The objective of this paper is to use the solar energy in powering density based traffic control system with remote override facilities. Since solar energy is one of the major renewable sources and is non-polluted an attempt is made to utilize this energyin the traffic control system. A photovoltaic system is utilized for powering the system continuously. During normal time the signal timing changes automatically on sensing the traffic density at the junction by IR interruption method. But in the event of any emergency vehicle like ambulance, fire brigade etc. requiring priority are built in with RF remote control unit to override the set timing by providing instantaneous green signal in the desired direction by blocking the other lanes by red signal. Higher traffic density at one side of the junction demands longer green time as compared to specific allotted time. The proposed traffic control system using a microcontroller of 8051 family duly interfaced with photo sensors, changes the junction timing automatically to accommodate movement of vehicles smoothly to avoid unnecessary waiting time at the junction. The density of the vehicles is measured in three zones i.e., low traffic zone, medium traffic zone, high traffic zone based on which timings are allotted accordingly. The override feature in this unit is activated by an on board RF transmitter operated from the emergency vehicle which in turn provides a high priority for all emergency vehicles. Paper Keywords: Solar energy, Photovoltaic,
Title APPLICATION OF GIS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Guide Name Prof. Kritika Keshari
Group members 1.Mr. Parag M. Samant 2.Ms. Shrutika S. Balankar 3.Ms. Nalinee S. Patil 4.Ms. Shivani C. Tiwari
Abstract Throughout the human history floods have been an integral part of the civilization. Still humans have not quite coped well to live with floods. Flood hazards result from a combination of physical exposure and human vulnerability to a geophysical process. Physical exposure reflects the type of flood events that can occur and their statistical pattern at a particular site while human vulnerability reflects key socioeconomic factors such as the number of people at risk, the extent of any flood protection works and the ability of the population to anticipate and cope with the hazard. Recently, the advancement in computer-aided technologyhas been extensively used in formulating models used for flood calculation and hazard analysis. This study focuses on using GIS and Remote Sensing environment for the affected areas of India, generates the inundation area and the flood depth for the specified flood events. Since the ‘80s, the interest for Geographic Information Systems (GIS) has been rising both in the private and the no- profit/humanitarian sectors, as a tool to monitor land use changes, rivers patterns, evolution of disaster risk areas, etc. The great advantage of GIS is the possibility to merge different information from several sources and visualize them on a unique map thanks to a georeferencing process. This project illustrates a wide range of integrated GIS data sets and explains how GIS can be used in manipulating and processing the various forms and types of spatial data for strategic flood risk assessment.
Title SANITARY SCHEME FOR A HOUSING COMPLEX
Guide Name PROF. KIRITIKA KESARI
Group members 1.ISMAIL NAKHWA (31) 2.KARAN B. SHAH (50) 3.SAMEER SHAIKH (51) 4.DHAVAL.M. SHAH (49)
Abstract For this project of JANKIKUNJ HOUSING COMPLEX AT, Boiser (W), we should provide: - 1. Primary Treatment Unit, so as to treat the sewage and then dispose it. 2.Existing system requires cleaning of septic tank and the same waste can be used as mature. 3.This complex can be provided with solar systems, landscaping by planting trees and thus saving the energy. Also, a small wind mill can be provided for generation of electricity and to cut off the conventional electrical energy supplied by m.s.e.b. Considering the following points, we conclude that, sanitation pf complex by sewage treatment is more feasible than the Primary treatment unit, due to following reasons: - 1.Land available. 2.Financial criteria. 3.Limited growth of population. 4.Environmental criteria. So, we propose Sewage Treatment Plant for sewage treatment of JANKI KUNJ.
Title THE STUDY OF HOLLOW BLOCK SLAB IN CONSTRUCTION BY USING HOLLOW CONCRETE BLOCKS
Guide Name Ms. PRAJAKTA MUKADAM
Group members Badrinath Gupta (Roll No.13) Akshesh Hirani (Roll No.19) Nikhil Patil (Roll No. 40) Deepak Sharma (Roll No.53)
Abstract Civil engineering is the field which involves the introduction of the new ideas and concepts especially in construction stream for smooth and effective execution of large as well as small scale construction projects. Whereas, construction of building not only involves the utilization of large amount of materials but also investment of time and money. So in order to overcome such factors, it becomes necessary to explore new techniques and methods for smooth construction. Slab is the essential as well as core component of building structure where the load transmitted on the slab is more and the clear span between the columns is large which results in usage of massive amount of concrete and steel. So in order to reduce the self-weight and cost of construction, Hourdi Slab method is executed. Hollow Block Slab techniques of slab construction which is introduced in Dubai as well as in China. In the central portion of slab which is filled with concrete is replaced by Hollow concrete Blocks. Hollow concrete blocks are the lighter weight blocks which are produced not only by concrete but also with addition of filler such as waste, scrap or recyclable materials like rice husk, fly ash, agricultural waste, etc. so as to enhance the properties of Hollow Concrete Block. The main aim of this thesis is about theoretical and practical approach of the Hourdi Slab and also to compare it with Conventional Slab in order to find the difference of the output achieved from both the slab.
Title Biogas Pavement
Guide Name Prof. Mrunalini Deshmukh.
Group members Ms. Trupti Achrekar. (01) Mrs. Saish Bhosale. (03) Ms. Stela D’Souza. (05) Mrs. Sayali Jakal. (21)
Abstract The purpose of this project was to test the effectiveness of organic waste of components from municipal solid waste (MSW) when used in road/ pavements sub-grades along with night soil and water on removing heavy load from the waste management system. Night soil and water are used as admixtures to fastened the process of decomposition and neutralize the pH value of degradable mass inside the biogas digester. Waste samples are to be collected from different sited in nearby area, each waste sample in going to pass through digester along with the night and water. All the digester decreases the methane content and compostable properties from the organic matter of waste after the completion of process. The correlation generally observed after using biogas concept is the methane potential of the waste is reduced to certain satisfactory percentage which does not affects the surrounding atmosphere when it is compared with fresh organic waste supplied to disposal purpose.
Title Use of Scrab Rubber Tyre, Bottle Caps And Steel Fibre in Concrete
Guide Name Ms. Prajakta Mukadam
Group members Bharat Rajpurohit (44) Daulat Singh Rathore (46) Khalid Qureshi (43) Faizan sheikh (54)
Abstract Tire production is increasing every year due to the increase in vehicle sales. The generation and disposal of waste are inherent to life itself and have presented very serious problems to the human community in India. Recently, some research has been devoted to the use of tire-recycled , bottle caps ,steel fibers in concrete. This study is focusing on the use of tire-recycled, bottle cap, steel fibers. Several volume ratios of scrab Rubber, bottle cap, steel fibre were used in concrete mix to fabricate and test. Reinforced concrete obtains evidence and satisfactory improvement by adding scrab Rubber, bottle cap, steel fibre , mostly in compressive strength, splitting strength, flexural tensile strength, and flexural toughness. The strength and flexural toughness of the scrab Rubber, bottle cap reinforced concrete are lower than those of industrial steel fibers. To obtain concrete with approximately the same strength or toughness, the content of steel fibers should be about 1%-2% higher than that of industrial steel fibers. The steel fiber reinforced concrete is getting closer to the ideal elastic- plastic material.
Title CASE STUDY OF MOVING PEDESTRIAN FOR RAILWAY CROSSING IN LTT
Guide Name PROF. JITENDRA KACHARE
Group members ATULKUMAR GAUD ASHISH GHONGE SHUBHAM GUPTA SURAJ GUPTA
Abstract Primary objective of Automatic Railway Bridge System is to help the physically Challenged Passenger to move from one Platform to another. Crossing the railway track inside the railway station is very difficult. But it is quite difficult to the handicapped and aged persons to cross the railway track without the help of others. In this paper the agents make use of a set of resources train characteristics, driving rules and information about other trains to generate their action policy. There are many old peoples suffering from leg cramps walking difficulties leg vain problems and chronic foot pains etc. That’s why to solve this problem we are making a solution for that is we are going to make a project on a horizontal adjusted platform which is connected between both stations platform. Because due to this there will be no need to climbing on a bridge by adults as well as children’s. This will be time saving for passenger with a smoother operation going to experience by the people or by passengers. The objective of this paper deals with automatic railway gate opening at a level crossing without human intervention. In the present work it is proposed to substitute fully automated railway gate opening feature and as well as automated platform bridge facility in the station which helps peoples to move from flat form to flat form. Now a day all over the world accidents are common because of lack of technology, human carelessness at right time. And these accidental barriers cannot be completely avoidable but some fruitful steps definitely reduced to some extent, in account of this the initiative steps is required to avoid many humans death at any place and time by introducing new technologies, this effort has been taken in this work by adopting automatic railway gate opening without gate keeper near level crossing and automated platform bridge. The above said system works on micro-controller based technique and rack and pinion mechanism which is employed to operate Platform Bridge.
Title WIRE ROPE BARRIER SYSTEM
Guide Name Prof. Jitendra Kachare
Group members Ankit Yadav (73) Amol Singh (59) Akash Upadhyay (68) Ritik Tiwari (65)
Abstract The aim behind the Wire Rope Barrier system is stop and make flexible obstacle for vehicles that running off road path. Wire barrier is a type of flexible system with high strength value. BRIFEN is standard for wire rope barrier system. We intend to study BRFIEN in a road safety, to achieve minimum damages to barrier and vehicles, easy to install working condition. BRIFEN focuses on the process, not on the vehicles damage only on road guide path. Thus it can be best type of road barrier but damage and injuries causes serious issues. We also studied various case studies and analysis papers of barrier system on service and industries. Project involves collection of statistical data, identification of problems, selection and evaluation of materials for implementation of wire rope and barrier. Project aim is to design a system that focuses on safety and minimum damage, set up time reduction, working condition of wire life span is longer and continuous improvement to achieve safer barrier with strength. Avoidable material cost built due to life span wire comparative high. After observing the current barrier layout and installation, we identified that rearranging the road layout will lower. Improper of material. After observing the actual working condition, we identified that the whole barrier was not contact every time with system so maximum number of time contact with wire. After proposing implementation of cover of PVC flexible intending to make the metal to metal contact lesser and flexible, we established comparing post system for installation of barrier. The graph represents the reduction in wastes identified namely inventory and transport.
Title SUSPENSION TYPE BALANCED CANTILEVER BRIDGE AND TRUSS ARCH
Guide Name Prof. Basvaraj Nayamgoud
Group members Akhilesh Vishwakarma (70) Jayesh solanki (61) Aman shah (48) Pradum yadav (75)
Abstract Structural design requires a full understanding and knowledge of all the components comprising the structure. A suspension bridge is a type of bridge in which the deck (the load bearing portion) is hung below suspension cables on vertical suspenders. The design of modern Suspension bridges allows them to cover longer distances than other types of bridges. Them in element of a cable suspended bridge is the cable system. Bridges are normally designed for deadload, live load and other occasional loads. All loading and unloading conditions in analysis and design are provided as per IRC codal specifications. The whole modeling of the suspension parts of the bridge was done by using SAP2000. Suspension cable bridge having 1km span with single lane road, the intensity of road is given has 20numbers of vehicles each loaded with 350KN (heavy loading classA-Atrackload) is analysed by SAP2000. The output of the software presents results including moments ,axialloads, shear force and displacements. Moreover, moments and axial load at each node and at any point within the element can be easily obtained from the software output. This the is examine sissues analysis and design calculation in over a structure will safe under all conditions
Title STRUCTURAL AUDIT
Guide Name Prof. Basavaraj Nyamagoud
Group members Sanket Rathod (Roll. No.45) Omkar Padawalkar (Roll. No.32) Sharmili Gosh (Roll. No.11)
Abstract If the structural audit isn’t been carried out at a specific interval of time or is been not properly done, this affects the servicebility criteria of the building or even it may happen that the building collapses. Reduction of the serviceability criteria indicates that the building or a particular part of the building has became unserviceable i.e. the building is no more capable for providing the assigned services. This affects the routine of the people. They need to take a day off from their routine for repairment of the uncerviceble part. The another problem has become quite commonly now-a-days, that is the collapsing of the building and is very frequently been heard by all of us. This is the atmost danger that can arise if auditing of the structure is been avoided.
Title On site demolition of infrastructure and residential building
Guide Name Prof. Pankaj Jadhav
Group members Dinesh Choudhary and Malay sheth
Abstract We know that every structure is designed for a specific life period, generally 100 years. The existence of the structure after the service life period is very dangerous to its occupants and surrounding buildings. Therefore, it becomes essential to demolish the building. Demolition is the tearing-down of buildings which involves taking a building apart while preserving the valuable elements for re-use. There are various methods of demolition. The building is brought down either manually or mechanically depending upon the method used for demolition of buildings. Equipment’s used for demolit ion work are hammers, rammers, excavators, bulldoze rs, wrecking ball and the explosives used are dynamites and detonators etc. which is generally preferred for tall buildings. The various steps involved before the demolition process includes surveying of the demolition site, removal of hazardous material and safety precautionary measures. The study also includes the precautionary measures regarding machinery or equipment’s, scaffolding, public safety and worker safety. Various strategies of demolition waste have been reported in literature for implementing good practices for demolition of buildings.
Title SOIL BIOTECHNOLOGY
Guide Name Prof. Pushkar Bharambe
Group Members Aamir Durrany Ashutosh Jha Bhargav Dave Danish Shaikh
Abstract This innovative technology titled "Soil Biotechnology" uses soil as the reaction medium for the treatment of waste-water. (In contrast to other technologies till date, wherein all the reactions are carried out in aqueous phase). This is a new and more efficient treatment technique, implemented in several cities of India wherein soil is used as the media, earthworms as culture, plantation, gravels and certain other additives and thereby carries out the complete treatment of waste-water. The treated water, unlike the other methods of treatment, gets purified to such an appreciable extent that it can even be reused for agricultural or gardening purposes, in construction sites, automobile washing yards, hydropower electricity generation, etc. This project includes the design of an SBT plant for treating the waste-water of a residential building situated in Mumbai, which includes the complete design of one septic tank, two bioreactors, a storage tank and a network of pipes and pumps. This technique of waste water treatment re-engineers and provides a relook at soil chemistry and soil biology. This project is expected to meet a growing need for cleaner and safer water disposal and even water reuse in the area.
Title Street Light Air Purifier
Guide Name Mrs. Mrunalini Deshmukh
Group members 1. Ashish Sawant2. Anil Yadav 3. Amey Rane 4. Arbaz Kachhawa
Abstract Decreasing the pollution level is now the main aim for many. Pollution is in many forms; almost every natural thing is now affected by the term pollution. Air pollution is one of the hardest challenges to the humans as it is beyond our hand limits. So there must be a technology for that to decrease the alarming levels of air pollution. The discussed method also aims to bring the increased levels of pollution back to the bottom. In this method the air is being purified by the use of distilled water only, without the use of any synthetic material and/or chemical substance. Here, the air ismade passed through the water so by reaction with water, pollutants stay in it results in clean air. In this method air is being purified by polluting water, but the fact is cleaning water is easy and there are many methods for this but cleaning air needs some boost up in the technology level.
Title Stability of Gravity Dam on soft soil
Guide Name Prof. Seema Myakal
Co-Guide Name Prof. Mrunalini Deshmukh
Group members Pradhnesh R. Divekar Shruti L. Ghadage Prajakta R. Medge Kedar R. More
Abstract This study is concerned with stabilization of gravity dam on soft soil. An earthen dam is made of earth and resists the forces exerted upon it mainly due to shear strength of soil. Whereas gravity dam are massive concrete or masonry structure which counteract the force of water pressure with its self-weight. Thus gravity dams are preferable in modern construction purpose. Key problem in gravity dam is to check its stability on soft soil. Soft soil does not provide enough stability to such heavy structure and difficulty increases if there are several weak structural planes in foundation. Soft soil improvement in-situ sanitation and stabilization techniques designed to improve the overall properties of soft soil. These techniques help to stabilize the foundation structure and immobilize heavy metals and other soil contaminants. Changes in soil structure were used to determine the basic properties of soil. These changes included properties such as liquid limit, plastic limit, optimum moisture content, CBR, maximum dry density. The forces, by various soil tests, were plotted and calculated. KEY WORDS: stabilization, liquid limit, plastic limit, optimum moisture content, CBR, maximum dry density, self-weight
Title STRUCTURAL AUDIT
Guide Name PROF. PANKAJ JADHAV
Group members VAISHNAVI TRIVEDI SHUBHAM PANCHOLI
Abstract Structural Audit is a technical survey of an engineering structure to assess its health. Now a days structural Auditing is necessary because of poor quality of construction, carelessness in supervision during construction, use of poor quality of materials, carelessness by labours during work, because of such reasons the quality of the building goes down and then automatically life of the building goes down. Now adays life of the building comes 60 years from 100 years, because of such reasons we need to do Structural Auditing of the building after 60 years to check whether it is safe or not if not then remedial measures to be provided. Now while performing the audit of a structure and we will conduct nondestructive testing on the structure like Rebound hammer and Ultrasonic Pulse velocity test after getting test results we will decide the structure is safe or not and if not safe then remedial measures will be provided to increase life of the building.
Title Treatment of waste water by using Constructed Wetlands
Guide Name Prof. Pushkar Bharambe
Group members Vinayak Chavan Kaushik Mondal Abhishek Guha Shefali Mule
Abstract This study is related treatment of waste water by using constructed wetlands. The conventional methods used for treatment of waste water (canteen kitchen water) are either uneconomical or requires huge space for their function. Conventional methods used, need a specified plant or desired space for their functioning. Whereas a constructed wetland can also be made in the backyard of house if needed on small scale. Moreover, constructed wetlands use helophytes (plants growing on water) to treat the waste water this enhances the aesthetic look of society. Thus, constructed wetland could turn out to be really beneficial in order to treat the waste water effectively and economically. Water can be treated within 4 to 5 days using constructed wetland method and it emphasizes on use of natural process like sedimentation which takes place under action of gravity, and use of natural materials like soil and gravels. The water is made to pass through sedimentation and filtration tank and thus treated by action of sedimentation and microbial activities taking place from root zone of plants. After testing standard parameters this treated water is free to be disposed in the environment and could be reused for day to day activities like flushing, car washing, lawn sprinkler etc. Various tests conducted on water like pH test, turbidity test, COD, BOD, DO test proves that water treated using constructed wetlands is safe for reuse or disposal in environment. Key words- constructed wetlands filtration sedimentation by pH test, turbidity test, COD, BOD, DO, (Oil and Grease testing from outer laboratory in future)
Title An Integrated Approach for “Underground Waste Water Treatment
Guide Name PROF. BASWESHWAR BANSODE
Group members SHINDE AAKASH VISHWAKARMA AMIT TIWARI NEERAJ CHAURASIYA VISHAL
Abstract Due to continuous and fast growth of population, people demand more and more water for consumption which result in more amount of sewage.sewage is the water that has been used by the various house holds activities. There can be no doubt that the requirement of land for sewage treatment plant is also increasing .conventionally the waste water treated by centralization method which required large diameter sewage so for the city like Mumbai where space / land is big issue we are planning to adopt underground sewage treatment system beneath the public garden . many people believe that sewage is “burden”.but we planning to change phase from sewage is burden to resource .by adopting various technique.waste water treatment is an important process of considerable significance for environmental ,economic and social aspect of sustainability. Although waste water treatment helps reduce environmental pollution ,thus limiting native societal effect, it may have negative impact on sustainability :for instance ,waste discharged during the treatment .determination of the impact of a particular process generally involves application of a set of sustainability indicator that evaluate environmental ,economic ans societal issues.however ,indicator are usually presented without a description that is sufficiently detailed to enable repetition of the calculation .for example sustainability indicators for evaluation of waste water treatment processes are commonly presented in tabular form.
Title “IMPROVEMENT OF COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF PERVIOUS CONCRETE”
Guide Name Prof. Shantiaum Khatavkar
Group members ANKIT UPADHYAY RAHUL SHARMA VIHANG PATIL ARYAN SHAH
Abstract Pervious concrete is a special type of concrete with high porosity used for concrete flat work applicationsthat allow waterfromprecipitation and other sources to pass directly through, thereby reducing the runoff from a site and allowing ground water recharge. This porosity is attained by a highly interconnected void content. Typically pervious concrete has little or no fine aggregate and has just enough cementing paste to coat the coarse aggregate particles while preserving the interconnectivity of the voids. Pervious concrete is traditionally used in Parking areas, areas with high traffic, walk ways in parks and gardens, Residential streets, Pedestrian walkways and Green houses, Basket ball and volley ball courts etc. Pervious concrete is an important application for the sustainable construction and is one of many low impact development techniques used by builders to protect water.
Title Composter Which Uses Small Workspace and Is Ideal for Daily Household Waste Management
Guide Name
Group members AATPADKAR SUKHADEV LOKHANDE ANIKET WALANJ PRATHAMESH
Abstract Food waste has significant environmental, economic, and social costs. The majority of food waste occurs at the point of household consumption in the developed world. We explore the literature on the determinants of household food waste generation, redistribution, and reuse. We use metabolism as a conceptual framework with the household as the unit of analysis. The household food metabolism is characterized by inputs which includes food from gardening or retail, metabolic processes. We present factors contributing to the negative environmental effects of food waste as external and internal to the household, as well as demographic, behavioral, and social factors. Many have identified food waste-relevant behavior as planning, shopping, storing, cooking, eating, managing leftovers, and assessing edibility. Using the Composter, we designed, waste can be managed, and we can overlook the 'output' processes which can be further useful for plant fertilizers, contributing to the environmental impact of household food waste including food sharing and food waste diversion. Existing and proposed solutions at all the of household food metabolism process are covered by us.
Title COMMON EFFLUENT TREATMENT (BY PHYTORID TECHNOLOGY)
Guide Name Prof. Pushkar Bharambe
Group members Vaibhav Bhosale Tushar Chavan Vaibhav Gudulkar Sunny Koli
Abstract Constructed wetlands are artificial wastewater treatment system of shallow experimental tanks, ponds or channels that are planted with locally available wetland plants. They work on natural capacity of plants to treat wastewater from different sources. In view of rising concern about pollution of water bodies due to discharge of waste in them, it is necessary to initiate alternative thinking as conventional methods through STPs (Sewage treatment Plants) have had limited success. In recent years the application of specifically designed wetland based technology (popularly known as Phytorid technology) for treatment of wastewater- municipal, urban and agricultural, is becoming widely acceptable. It treats the wastewater in natural manner without the use of chemicals. In short, Phytorid technology is an improved wetland system for treatment of wastewater. The main objective of present research work is to provide and popularize a simple, feasible, practically sound, ecofriendly and cost effective technology for wastewater treatment. Phytorid technology is such a type of system, which reduces the impact of sewage and converts into useful water for gardening and irrigation purpose.
Title SMART DUSTBIN 3.0
Guide Name Ms. PRAJAKTA MUKADAM
Group members RAVI PRAKASH ZANKE SANKET SANJAY NAME PRATIK RAMESH TARE HARIKESH RAMKUVAR YADAV
Abstract In the past few decades with Continuous growth in the rate of urbanization and industrialization, the type of waste generated and it's disposal, becomes the major problem of the environment. So there is need of sustainable management. With the advance technology it is high time that we use technology for waste management system. In society, The waste is not thrown properly into dustbins which causes nuisance of smell, and overflowing of dustbins has become threat to the environment. Waste segregation, waste collection and it's disposal plays an important role in reducing risk of public health and environment. The Smart Dustbin is a singular solution to the specific and peculiar problems in the waste management. Smart Dustbin is the design solution related to social issue .Depending on its design it can be used for things like to solve waste disposal its segregation and more important its management and many other issues. The technology is used in order to determine whether the dustbin is full or not ?, Level of Garbage in it ,what type of waste is inserted (wet or dry) segregation, to pin the cover of bin. Presently there's no such system for segregation of dry and wet wastes at any level. This technology helps to minimise the waste at generation level and It's easy disposal in proper way. ultrasonic sensor , raindrop sensor ,fire alarm sensor, GDM sensor, fire alarm.
Title FLOOD CONTROL UNDERGROUND TANKS
Guide Name Prof. Jitendra Kachare
Group members Paras Kalena(20) Samidha Patil(34) Sagar Prajapati(38) Shalu Chalke(04)
Abstract Flooding is one of the disastrous problem across the world . In Maharashtra the most common regions are Mumbai and Western region , always leads to the flooding condition . In this study the one of the flood mitigation solution is studied , in which the solution i.e. flood control underground tanks are studied . The rainfall data for previous 13 years are collected and the rainfall data for last 6 years are studied and the average rain rate intensity are computed . Then the average area of the studied area i.e. Hindmata is computed . The various factors such as location of rain gauges , storm water drain , various flood spots , runoff coefficient , ward map are also studied . The flood controlling underground tanks are helful for the excess removal of the runoff because these excess amount of the runoff causes flooding problem .
Title THE STUDY OF HOLLOW BLOCK PLASTIC ROAD CONSTRUCTION
Guide Name PROF. PANKAJ JADHAV
Group members Shubhambhogle (Roll no. 3) Aakashtiwari (Roll no. 59) Akashpawar (Roll no. 36) Omkarpatil (Roll no. 33)
Abstract Construction field requires new technique in order to enhance the construction procedure of road. As the traditional methods of constructing the road requires high consumption of materials and also the time invested is more (on field). Thus it becomes necessary to search new approaches for construction of roads. Reinforcement is one of the important element of the road consuming large amount of concrete .The load transmitted on the surface course is more which results in formation of road cracks and pot which is eventually the reason for water logging on the road . Due to this, the dead weight and the cost of maintenance increases So to surpass the above issues, Asphalt Hollow Block Road technology could beused. Hollow Block plastic Road is construction of a prefabricated, modular and structure based on (recycled) plastic. In this method concrete is been replaced by mixture of shredded waste plastic, aggregate and bitumen. High density polyethylene are recycled materials which are produced from gasoline products under controlled temperature and thus prove to be ecofriendly. This road has a hollow space that can be used to (temporarily) store water, thus preventing water logging during extreme precipitation. The light weight and the modular design of the plastic road makes construction and maintenance faster, simple and more efficient.
Title An Integrated Approach for Turbine Building
Guide Name PROF. PANKAJ JADHAV
Group members Hemant Shivkumar Yadav(73) Pravin Puskardas Vaishnav (66) Manish Suresh Varma(67) Vinod Jitendra Yadav(74)
Abstract Energy is the basic requirement of modern lifestyle. As a developing country, India has been encountering difficulties in supplying energy to maintain its large population and economic growth. Also because of limited resources which are used to produce the electricity like coal , fossil fuels their has been chance of shortage of electric power in future as well , while providing the electricity the harm on the environment also take place , In green building our researchers tries various ways to produce electricity in individual building itself , so we also try to design one system in a building in which we able to generate electricity for building itself. The discussed method also aims to fulfill the requirements of electricity of the over population in cities , so that the electricity supplied in urban areas now easily diverted in the rural areas .In this design system we also used water which available in greater % on earth . Their are various systems of producing electricity using water . But for individual building like solar panels (which majorly generate electricity in summer) we tried to design another system to generate Electricity using siplon in all season.
Title Comparative Evaluation of Dense Graded Bituminous Concrete with Brick Dust
Guide Name PROF. JITENDRA KACHARE
Group members PAREKH DISHA SINGH PRASHANT SONI AMIT TALESHA BHAVESH
Abstract In past few years reviews were made in design practices of bituminous mixes at various levels. Bituminous mix composes of binder, filler and aggregates which plays an important role in the performance of the pavement system. Bituminous mixes used in India for different courses have different terminologies, proportion and properties of material, and gradation of aggregates. Aggregate confirms a major part of bituminous mix and the properties, size and type of aggregate have considerable effect on performance of mix. Past researches witnessed the effect of aggregate gradation on performance of mix like rutting and other Marshall parameters. In present work efforts will be made to assess the effect of nominal maximum aggregate size (NMAS) on stability and flow value of bituminous concrete (BC) mix with VG-30 grade bitumen by changing the bitumen content and filler material. The present study will focus on the comparison of the Marshall parameters by changing bitumen content and filler content. The selected gradation having NMAS of 19.00mm will be used with VG-30 grade of binder for preparing BC mix. Bituminous Mix design for Bituminous Concrete BC needs to be done for the study of stability and flow value.
Title SOUND ABSORBING AND HEAT RESISTANT PANELS FROM RICE STUBBLE
Guide Name Prof. Mrunalini deshmukh
Group members Jadhav Tanmay Khan Gulam Abbas Pal Abhishek Singh Vedant
Abstract India has a major agribusiness sector which achieved remarkable successes over the last three or four decades. India is an agricultural driven economy where more than 50% population is engaged in cultivation of agricultural products. Production just doesn’t feed the country but generates enough agriculture products to export to the outside world. India is one of the leading countries in production of crops such as wheat, rice, sugarcane and many more. With million tons of agriculture crops producing every year, it also produces tons of agriculture waste.With high amount of agriculture wastes, it becomes difficult for the farmers to dump that waste. With reaping of paddy fields, large quantities of husk are generated that needs dumping. Farmers generally gather husk and put them to fire. Burning husk is the easiest of ways to dump the husk. But burning husk has several demerits. It is one of the major contributors in air pollution. Air pollution due to crop residue burning in northern India       causes an estimated economic loss of USD 30 billion annually, and is a leading risk factor of acute respiratory infections, especially among children, according to a study unveiled. The air quality in Delhi, the capital of India, according to a WHO survey of 1600 world cities, is the worst of any major city in the world. Air pollution in India is estimated to kill 1.5 million people every year; it is the fifth largest killer in India. India has the world's highest death rate from chronic respiratory diseases and asthma, according to the WHO. In Delhi, poor quality air irreversibly damages the lungs of 2.2 million or 50 percent of all children. Stubble burning in Punjab and Haryana contribute to more than 32% in Delhi’s air pollution according to AQI by SAFAR. Clearly rice stubble burning is a colossal problem now and by this project we aim to come up with a solution to the problem faced and hope to contribute in some way to curb the menace even if the contribution is on the scale equal to the 12th man in a cricket team.
Title Effectiveness of Sponge pavement and storm water conservation
Guide Name Prof. Mrunalini deshmukh
Group members Mayur Jaiswar Prashant Killedar Sunil Jungipally Anurag Tripathi
Abstract Concrete is a widely used structural material consisting essentially of a binder and a mineral filler. Concrete has been the leading material since it was used and is bound to maintain its significant role in the upcoming future due to its durability, adaptability to any shape and size and many other applications. It is a composite material produced by mixing cement, inert matrix of sand and gravel or crushed stone. Pervious concrete is a type of concrete that has a low water-cement ratio and contains none or very little amount of sand. This concrete has a light colour and open-cell structure because of which they do not absorb heat from the sun; they also do not radiate the heat back into the atmosphere, which reduces heating in the environment. Pervious concrete has low installation costs. In addition, it filters the storm water thus reducing the number of pollutants entering the rivers and ponds. Pervious concrete also improves the growth of trees. In the present study the behavior of pervious concrete has been studied experimentally. Various mix proportions were prepared by replacing cement with silica fume (6% by the weight of cement), by adding super plasticizers (0.13% and 0.25%) and varying size of aggregates. The water-cement ratio was kept constant 0.34. Different properties of pervious concrete e.g. workability, compressive strength, split tensile strength, flexural strength test at 7, 28 and 56 days and bond strength tests at 28 and 56 days have been studied experimentally. Experimental results showed that strength of pervious concrete decreased with the addition of silica fume (6%) and super plasticizers (0.13% and 0.25%). The mix proportions with aggregates size (4.75 mm to 10 mm) gives higher strength when compared to mixes with aggregates size (10 mm to 20 mm) and (4.75 mm to 20 mm) respectively. Keyword- concrete , water cement ratio, permeable, aggregate ,flexural strength
Title Underground Tunnelling in marshy land
Guide Name Prof. Mrunalini Deshmukh
Group members SHARMA RAVI JAWAHAR HARSORA POOJA ASHOK GUPTA GAURAV MAHESH
Abstract Due to continuous and fast growth of population, people demand more and more transportation facilities. There can be no doubt that the requirement of tunnels also increases. We all know that there is less space available for surface transportation in cities. Metro tunnel construction is one of the best solutions to fulfill the transportation need of growing population. Metro Tunneling is complex,time consuming project in which Engineers have to think at every part of its execution such projects involve new challenges and problems at every point of its progress. During constructional phase problems like Land acquisition, High water table, Breakdown of TBM, Drainage problem, crack in foundation in nearby building etc. affect the project cost, time of completion and quality of work. Some of the problems which have been faced during the construction of Metro Tunnel in our country and their remedial measures are discussed in this.
Title Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP)
Guide Name Prof. Pooja Kulkarni
Group members IYER HARIPREETH RAMAN SARMALKAR VARAD VISHRAM AKSHAY MANOHAR PENDURKAR DWIVEDI ANIRUDH MADHUSUDAN
Abstract RAP (Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement) is a latest technology in the field of construction of bituminous pavements. RAP is being widely adopted all over the world as it has several benefits over virgin mixes. By using RAP the cost of project is marginally reduced and it also has a favourable effect on environmental impact. RAP also leads to optimization of resources. Old road pavements due to repeated overlays being placed over the years, result in the increase of the road levels compare to adjacent built up areas, so RAP becomes a necessity is some cases. Over a period of time the technological improvements have resulted in reclaiming the bituminous pavement in usable condition. Earlier the old pavements were excavated using excavators which resulted in availability of bituminous mix in form of chunks. In modern times, the scarifying process using diamond cutters result in removal of pavement in sizes nearly aggregate size. The results given by RAP mixes are either similar or better than virgin mixes. Hence the use of RAP is justified.
Title Design of glass façade for commercial building
Guide Name Prof. Sagar Khaire
Group members AVHAD PAVAN DINKAR PATHAK SMIT DINESH BANDAL APEKSHA ASHOK ADEKAR AVINASH KRISHNA
Abstract Facade Engineering is the art of resolving aesthetic, environmental and structural issues to achieve the enclosureof habitablespace. Today lightness and transparency are properties that both architects and clients try to obtain. This has rapidly increased the use of glass in facades.  By  using  steel  as a load bearing structure, it is possible to keep the transparency restricting structures slim. The aim of this master’s thesis is to gather together information on research, design and codes about the structural design in steel-glass facades. The use of glass in facades causes many problems due to the material properties of glass. Glass differs from other building materials in aspect of being an extremely brittle material and breaking without a forewarning. This material property of brittleness has to be taken into account when designing large glass facades. The requirements of designing load- bearing structures are normally gotten from either the glass supplier or the producer of glass pane elements, who both are thereby responsible for the strength and functionalityof the fastening. The project aims at Designing Glass façade panels for the commercial building including the estimation of cost of installing Glass façade Panels
Title Energy efficient building
Guide Name Prof. Prateek Pagare
Group members YADAV ARUNKUMAR DEEPCHAND RAM ROHIT PREMCHANDRA PATEL SANJAY RAMBAHADUR KUSHWAHA DEVANAND DHRUVNATH
Abstract An energy efficient building is a residential or commercial building with greatly reduced energy needs through efficiency gains such that the balance of energy needs can be supplied with renewable technologies. Despite the excitement over the phrase “energy efficiency,” we lack a common definition, or even a common understanding, of what it means. In this project, we try to give the methods of achieving energy efficient building: what it means and how we have progressed toward the energy efficiency of a building. The way the energy efficiency goals are defined, affects the choices designers make to achieve this goal and whether they can claim success. More than 90% of our time is spent in buildings i.e. either in the office or at home. Energy used in buildings (residential and commercial) accounts for a significant percentage of a country’s total energy consumption. This percentage depends greatly on the degree of electrification, the level of urbanization, the amount of building area per capita, the prevailing climate, as well as national and local policies to promote efficiency. In many countries, buildings consume more energy than transport and industry. The International Energy Agency (IEA) statistics estimate that globally, the building sector is responsible for more electricity consumption than any other sector, 42%. In general, building energy consumption is higher in industrialized countries. Thus, development has an important effect on energy demand from the building sector, implying that building efficiency becomes more significant as countries become more prosperous. In this project, we explore the concept of “energy efficiency” and implications that it may have on regulations, economics, energy demand, and the environment. Proposals to improve the current situation based on 3R principle are also proposed, adopting innovative technologies and market models, and implementing targeted economic incentives.
Title Automatic bollard system for traffic control
Guide Name Prof. Pushkar Bharambe
Group members PATIL SAINATH KARBASAPPA SONDAGAR MEHUL THAKERSHI BANGERA MANISHA GANGADHAR VITHLANI RAJ BHARATBHAI
Abstract The steady increase in the number of vehicles on the road has increased traffic congestion in most urban cities of the world especially Mumbai. One approach most countries are taking to address this issue is the expansion of roadways. However, this approach still comes with its share of challenges. Demolition of older roads can be quite costly. Most urban cities lack the free space required for such a venture. Even with the improvements in road infrastructure, it is evident that the rate at which travelers buy vehicles has surpassed that of new infrastructure development. Also due to expansions, roads are able to serve more vehicles; consequently utilizing the additional capacity. In this study we are introducing bollards which are commonly used as vehicle barriers. A bollard is a short post that guides traffic, deters vehicle intrusions, and protects people and structures.During peak hours on going traffic is heavily packed. So to curb this traffic issue, by- pass of traffic from the opposite side with the help of automatic bollards are introduced in order to form a safe diversion of traffic. Bollards act as visual guides, reminding drivers to drive safely and responsibly in extra lane.
Title Modification of flexible pavement with plastic and zycosoil
Guide Name Prof. Prateek Pagare
Group members PANDEY SHUBHAM SHREEPRAKASH PANDEY RAJNEESH AMRESHCHAND SAHANI KISHAN MURALI MOHAN  AAKASH RAJESH
Abstract In India, most of the pavements are of flexible pavement as they are economical compared to rigid pavements but its maintenance causes more trouble and also increases cost of flexible pavement construction. Bitumen and aggregates being an important aspect of flexible pavement should be modified by mixing it with different materials in order to prevent the pavement from cracking and deterioration of the pavement. Plastic wastes from both industrial and household sectors can be used in the asphalt mix. Bitumen acting as a binding material in the pavement when mixed with the plastic waste brings more stability to the roads and helps in resisting the forces from the vehicles. Plastic waste in the shredded form when mixed with the aggregates also helps providing better results for pavement. The Plastic Coated Aggregates (PCA) forms better raw material as they have very less void present in between them. As the waste product like plastic which is non- biodegradable material is utilized in this process it also solves the problem of disposing of plastic waste in safe and more useful way. Hence in this study different test is to be done regarding more stable and effective proportions to be used between bitumen and plastic waste comprising of Marshal Stability test, Ductility test, Penetration test and Stripping test for aggregate. Plastic waste being in different forms when come in contact with rain water, UV-rays, fuel, etc can cause reaction with them and also may cause degradation of pavement. Basically, the plastic waste used in the bitumen mix will not show the inert properties. So as preventive measure thin layer bitumen mixed with zycosoil is used as a cover over the bitumen mix with plastic waste. Tests like Marshal Stability test is performed with mix of zycosoil in proportion of 0.03%, 0.04% and 0.06% of dosage and compare its properties as per IRC codes.
Title Waste And Recycle Material In Concrete
Guide Name Prof. Basaveshwar Bansode
Group members BHARADWAJ RAHUL GANDHI SWAPNIL MISHRA ROHIT
Abstract A construction industry plays vital role in India which leads into the economic development. Solid waste management has gained a lot of attention to the research community now-a- days. Use of solid waste in construction industry holds a high potential of reducing global environmental pollution. The materials like a cement, fine aggregate (sand) and coarse aggregate which is used to prepare concrete were once easily available in our country, but now there is a high demand in materials which has gone to high scenario. In this project, an experimental investigation is done on the partial replacement of concrete materials which reduces our sole dependence on traditional materials of concrete. Partial replacement of coarse aggregate with coconut shell, sawdust, rubber (Tire tubes), glass and demolition waste like debris makes construction process economical and also improves the properties of concrete.
Title Partial replacement of concrete Ingredients
Guide Name Prof. Pushkar Bharambe
Group members BRAHMBHATT NIKHIL PRAJAPATI KISHAN BALDEV JHA RAHULKUMAR RAJGOR BHARAT
Abstract Due to rapid growth in construction activity, the available sources of natural sand are getting exhausted and also, good quality sand and aggregate may have to be transported from long distance, which adds to cost of construction. In some cases, natural sand and aggregate may not be of good quality. Therefore, it is necessary to replace concrete ingredients by alternate materials partially, without compromising the quality of concrete. This can be done by utilization of waste materials in concrete works. Materials such as Rubber powder, Cockle Shell, Bagasse Ash, Coconut Shell. Tire production in India is about 1416.5 lakh/nos, also cockle and coconut shell, Bagasse ash as waste are available in abundance. This materials can be replaced in concrete in order to reduce overall cost of concrete and to improve environmental health. We designed concrete for characteristic strength of M30,M40 for 7,28 days for continuous curing. We studied the procedure for material analysis, gradation, calculation of mix, mixing of ingredients, casting of cubes and testing of cubes for their respective strength expected.
Title Cotton mix concrete
Guide Name Prof. Pankaj Jadhav
Group members AGARWAL SAMARTH ATUL CHAUDHARI DEEPAK PHOOLCHAND MULEWA DILIP KAPUR YADAV ABHISHEK DAYASHANKAR
Abstract Aim of this study to determine Compressive strength and Flexural strength of M20 grade concrete with use of cotton fiber and silica fume. 15B-SP is used to improve the workability of concrete which is based on Sulphonated naphthalene polymers. Efforts for improving the performance of concrete over the past few years suggest that cement replacement materials along with mineral and chemical admixtures can improve the strength characteristics of concrete. Silica fume can be utilized to produce high strength and durable concrete composites. The Concrete specimens were cured on normal moist curing under normal atmospheric temperature. The Compressive strength determined at 7 and 28 days and Flexural strength at 28 days. The addition of Cotton fiber by the weight of concrete shows an increase strength property and Silica fume as cement replacement material shows early long- term strength. This system that is Ordinary Portland Cement - Cotton fiber - Silica fume concrete was found to increase the Compressive and Flexural strength of concrete on all ages when compared to concrete made with Cotton fiber and Silica fume and GGBS.
Title BIM
Guide Name Prof. Prajakta Mukadam
Group members MISHRA SUNNY AKHILESH JAIN GAURAV BHAGWATILAL JHA SHANKAR KUMARKANT YADAV  RAHUL BHARATLAL
Abstract In the construction sector around the globe, lot of new technologies and methods are emerging to tackle the traditional construction problems and to obtain a faster speed of construction and a better coordination between the Architecture Construction and Engineering (AEC) industry. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is one such technology or process for a better planning, analysis and design of the construction projects. More coordination is achieved using BIMthan conventional methods. Efforts are being taken by the AEC industry to adopt more BIM technology in their respective areas for a better output and time saving which would indirectly save cost of project. The purpose of this project is to analyze BIMadoption in Mumbai, India which is metropolitan city by doing a questionnaire survey through various modes like Google forms and personal interviews. The survey is conducted to determine the BIMusage in the construction sector in Mumbai and the challenges that are faced by the AEC industry for adopting BIM. Also to study the BIM software used in the industry like Autodesk Revit and to learn the software and application of it for a G+2 Office Building. The project study includes modeling of G+ 2 Office Building with all aspects of the planning like floor plan, site plan, sectional plans, 3D modeling and also scheduling of doors and windows in BIM software called Autodesk Revit which shows all the elements of the Office Building with a 3D view. Thus understanding the advantages of it in the planning and execution of the project. The project study concludes that the construction market in Mumbai is realizing the importance of BIM in all stages of the construction projects and efforts have been taken for implementing BIMusage in construction companies. It also shows that BIM software like Autodesk Revit is a very useful tool for the planning and analysis of the construction project and changes can be made in the project anytime without causing many problems. Major benefits like clash detection can be done in this software which was not possible earlier.
Title Vertical farming proposal in India
Guide Name Prof. Prajakta Mukadam
Group members PANDEY ATUL SINGH ROHIT TIWARI SONU SONI SAJAY
Abstract As the India’s population grows in a rapid manner, the land required to produce the food required also increases. The concept of a vertical farm was introduced to remedy this crisis. In vertical farming, farms are stacked on top of one another, instead of branching out horizontally. After the Industrial revolution carbon footprint produced from the industries has increased in rapid manner resulting in climate change and global warming which had adversely affected agricultural production in many ways like degrading the quality and quantity of crops. Many variables to consider are cultivation quantity and quality, design and supporting technology in order to have successful implementation of vertical farming in India. Vertical farming is the practice of producing food and medicine in vertically stacked layers, vertically inclined surfaces or integrated in other structures such as in a skyscraper, used warehouse, or shipping container, terrace etc. The project study is basically restricted to propose a self sustained structure based on vertical farming using a modern farming technique of soil-less agriculture to counter the problems generated in current conventional farming i.e. horizontal farming practiced in India. The project study also concludes cost benefit of vertical farming over horizontal farming. Project focuses basicallyon use of technique of hydroponic in vertical farming. The resulting social benefit from project is that the future population gets fed with organic and nutritious food. The project implements optimum uses of resources such as land and water so that maximum output can be achieved to overcome the food scarcity in future.
Title Environmental impact assessment of Mumbai Metro Line 4
Guide Name Prof. Sagar Khaire
Group members RANDIVE NILESH SINGH SAKSHI MASKAR HARSHA
Abstract The Environmental Impact assessment of any Infrastructure project is carried out for determining the Environment and Socio-Economic impacts prior to the commencement of construction. With effect from the notification of Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) it is mandatory to carry out an Environmental Impact assessment for projects costing more than 50 crore rupees as well as affecting a large population. This thesis project assesses the Environmental impacts for the upcoming Metro Line 4(Wadala-Ghatkopar- Teen Hath Naka (Thane)-Kasarwadavli). The project mainly aims at quantifying the maximum positive and negative impacts on the Environment during and after the construction. With this objective, a literature reviewentailing two case studies of similar projects in India and the world are mentioned. For achieving public participation and ensuring transparency, a survey of the professionals, students, and local people from the surrounding area of project location having the background in the field of Environment was conducted. The answers to the survey questionnaire are tabulated with regards to maximum and minimum impacts and interpreted using the concept of ‘Leopold’s Matrix’. Based on the result from the ‘Leopold’s Matrix’ critical impacts are decided and study with respect to those factors will be done in the future aspect of the project. A detailed study about the environment aspects of the project are to be studied andanalyzed.
Title Glass Reinforced Fiber Concrete
Guide Name Prof. Shantiom khatavkar
Group members KESARWANI AWDESH PRAJAPATI SURAJ GODSE SURAJ PAL NARENDRA
Abstract The amount of waste glass has gradually increased over the recent years due to an ever-growing use of glass products. Most of the waste glasses are being dumped into landfill sites. The land filling of waste glasses is undesirable because they are not biodegradable, which makes them environmentally less friendly. There is huge potential for using waste glass in the concrete construction sector. When waste glasses are reused in making concrete products, the production cost of concrete will come down. Crushed glass or cullet, if properly sized and processed, can exhibit characteristics similar to that of gravel or sand. In this report we are going to discuss how the GRP waste powder will have its significant effect on concrete and its properties. Cement replacement levels by GRP waste powder 0, 0.5, 1.5, and 2.5%. The compressive strength of concrete cubes is tested for 7, 28, days were found and the flexural strength of the concrete beams is tested for 7, 28  days were found.
Title Rating system for sustainable roads
Guide Name Prof. Basaveshwar Bansode
Group members SINGH ABHISHEK GAUTAM PATIL HITESH GANESH QURESHI SHAHID MOHAMMED SHAIKH ANEES SALIM
Abstract As sustainabilityincreasingly becomes a concern to society, it is in state transportation agencies’ best interests to embrace and adopt initiatives that will both educate their employees and the communities they serve on how transportation systems and system operations can be viewed within such a context. One of the strategies that can be adopted for providing a more sustainable approach to highway design is a “highways rating system.” Adopting a strategy such as the one proposed in our research will enable an agency to compare projects based on sustainability goals and outcomes. Such a rating system can provide several benefits to various departments of transportation. Comparing the ratings of  proposed projects during the early programming process may also help in the selection of more sustainably effective and efficient projects. Additionally, a project in the project planning phase could use the green rating criteria to identify those areas where changes in design could result in more environmentally sensitive designs. A Roadways rating tool is an important means of fostering an environmental ethic in a transportation agency, one that could become more important in years to come.
Title soil stabalization using biomedical waste- SYRINGE
Guide Name Prof. Pooja Kulkarni
Group members PUROHIT MOHIT SUDHIR MOR JAYSHREE DAMJI LAD SONALI DEVCHAND ABHISHEK DUBEY MANOJ
Abstract Soil stabilization is a technique of altering some soil properties by different methods such as mechanical or chemical stabilization in order to produce an improved soil material which has all the desired engineering properties such as increased shear strength, bearing capacity etc. Stabilization of black cotton soil can be done by using biomedical waste (syringe). Biomedical waste syringe which is produced in every hospitals but rarely reused, so by crushing the plastic after detaching the needle and using it in stabilization of black cotton soil, will not only reduce the burden of disposing of the waste but also help to reduce the environmental pollution which will be obviously caused by dumping it. Powders of syringe were added in different proportion (2%, 4%, 6%, and 8%) by dry weight of soil. The results showed that there is marginally increase in strength, CBR and UCS values of black cotton soil by the addition of powdered syringe. The proposed method can be used for small projects like construction of village roads. The thickness of the pavement can be reduced by using powdered biomedical waste (syringe).
Title Charachteristics performance of blended cement concrete with natural fibers (sisal fibre)
Guide Name Prof. Pooja Kulkarni
Group members DUBEY NIRAJ VINOD SHAIKH MADASSIR AHMED YADAV MAHESH PRITHVINATH AMISH PANKAJKUMAR PATEL
Abstract India is a developing country, therefore Infrastructure development is necessary for our country and concrete plays a vital role in it. Concrete is the world’s largest consuming material in the construction field. The emission of carbon-dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere from  the  operation  and maintena nce of structures as well as production of building materials  can  be reduced  by using renewable resources  and construction  materials.  Conventional   concrete is relatively strong in compression  but  weak in  tension,  in  order to overcome the weakness, the use of a sufficient volume  of certain  fibers  such as sisal  fiber is used  in  this  experiment,  which  is  easily  available,  renewable  and economical. Micro silica, an industrial byproduct which is a very fine non- crystalline material is very good as filler material to provide good strength. By utilizing these waste materials in construction activities which solve the environmental pollution problems, also safer and economical construction. The main objective of this project is to investigate  effect  of silica fume and fiber orientation of sisal fiber on performance of concrete, which ultima te ly solve the problems of waste disposal and reduces global warming. Here in the experiment an attempt has been made  to  increase  the strength of concrete by replacing cement partially with  silica  fume  and  sisal fibers at varying percentage in a design mix of M30 and  M40 at the  specific  ages of 7 days and 28 days.
Title Labour productivity and Management
Guide Name Prof. Pankaj Jadhav
Group members SHAH MANAV VINOD VAJA GAURAV YOGESH GAJANI VARUN MAHESH AMBAVANE PRATHAMESH
Abstract India has increased the investment in construction industry over the past years and its being increasing at a rapid pace. The haziness of construction projects are always related to its duration being very long, such characteristic would require the responsible personnel to coordinate and collaborate within the addressed parties. In construction projects, both academics and action takers have a dispute on the causes of construction projects’ problems, but both agree that the main problem is the company’s focus on optimization of the individual personnel rather than focusing on the long term efficiency of team performance. Productivity is an important aspect of construction industry that may be used as an index for efficiency of production. Efficient management of construction resources can lead to higher productivity which can help to achieve cost and time saving. Construction is labour oriented industry. It heavily relies on the skills of its workforce. The labour is industry’s most valuable asset. It is important to improve efficiency of production by improving productivity of labour. Decreasing productivity of project has always been major concern for construction Industry. Aim of this project is to study the importance of measurement of labour productivity in construction industry around Mumbai sector after finding the factors affecting labour productivity.Factors affecting labour productivity were analysed using RII method. Measurement of labour productivity is done using work study method. RII method revealed top ten ranked factors which affect labour productivity. The data collection is done by work study method shows skilled labour as highly important factor affecting labour productivity. From the analysis of data collected it is observed that measurement of labour productivity is helpful in saving the time of the project as well as cost of project without hampering the quality of work.
Title Underground Tunnelling in marshy land
Guide Name Prof. Mrunalini Deshmukh
Group members SHARMA RAVI, JAWAHAR HARSORA, POOJA ASHOK GUPTA, GAURAV MAHESH
Abstract Due to continuous and fast growth of population, people demand more and more transportation facilities. There can be no doubt that the requirement of tunnels also increases. We all know that there is less space available for surface transportation in cities. Metro tunnel construction is one of the best solutions to fulfill the transportation need of growing population. Metro Tunneling is complex, time consuming project in which Engineers have to think at every part of its execution such projects involve new challenges and problems at every point of its progress. During constructional phase problems like Land acquisition, High water table, Breakdown of TBM, Drainage problem, crack in foundation in nearby building etc. affect the project cost, time of completion and quality of work. Some of the problems which have been faced during the construction of Metro Tunnel in our country and their remedial measures are discussed in this.
Title Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP)
Guide Name Prof. Pooja Kulkarni
Group members IYER HARIPREETH RAMAN, SARMALKAR VARAD, VISHRAM AKSHAY, MANOHAR PENDURKAR, DWIVEDI ANIRUDH, MADHUSUDAN
Abstract RAP (Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement) is a latest technology in the field of construction of bituminous pavements. RAP is being widely adopted all over the world as it has several benefits over virgin mixes. By using RAP the cost of project is marginally reduced and it also has a favourable effect on environmental impact. RAP also leads to optimization of resources. Old road pavements due to repeated overlays being placed over the years, result in the increase of the road levels compare to adjacent built up areas, so RAP becomes a necessity is some cases. Over a period of time the technological improvements have resulted in reclaiming the bituminous pavement in usable condition. Earlier the old pavements were excavated using excavators which resulted in availability of bituminous mix in form of chunks. In modern times, the scarifying process using diamond cutters result in removal of pavement in sizes nearly aggregate size. The results given by RAP mixes are either similar or better than virgin mixes. Hence the use of RAP is justified.
Title Design of glass façade for commercial building
Guide Name Prof. Sagar Khaire
Group members AVHAD PAVAN, DINKAR PATHAK, SMIT DINESH BANDAL APEKSHA ASHOK ADEKAR AVINASH KRISHNA
Abstract Facade Engineering is the art of resolving aesthetic, environmental and structural issues to achieve the enclosureof habitablespace. Today lightness and transparency are properties that both architects and clients try to obtain. This has rapidly increased the use of glass in facades.  By  using  steel  as a load bearing structure, it is possible to keep the transparency restricting structures slim. The aim of this master’s thesis is to gather together information on research, design and codes about the structural design in steel-glass facades. The use of glass in facades causes many problems due to the material properties of glass. Glass differs from other building materials in aspect of being an extremely brittle material and breaking without a forewarning. This material property of brittleness has to be taken into account when designing large glass facades. The requirements of designing load- bearing structures are normally gotten from either the glass supplier or the producer of glass pane elements, who both are thereby responsible for the strength and functionality of the fastening. The project aims at Designing Glass façade panels for the commercial building including the estimation of cost of installing Glass façade Panels
Title Energy efficient building
Guide Name Prof. Prateek Pagare
Group members YADAV ARUNKUMAR DEEPCHAND RAM ROHIT PREMCHANDRA PATEL SANJAY RAMBAHADUR KUSHWAHA DEVANAND HRUVNATH
Abstract An energy efficient building is a residential or commercial building with greatly reduced energy needs through efficiency gains such that the balance of energy needs can be supplied with renewable technologies. Despite the excitement over the phrase “energy efficiency,” we lack a common definition, or even a common understanding, of what it means. In this project, we try to give the methods of achieving energy efficient building: what it means and how we have progressed toward the energy efficiency of a building. The way the energy efficiency goals are defined, affects the choices designers make to achieve this goal and whether they can claim success. More than 90% of our time is spent in buildings i.e. either in the office or at home. Energy used in buildings (residential and commercial) accounts for a significant percentage of a country’s total energy consumption. This percentage depends greatly on the degree of electrification, the level of urbanization, the amount of building area per capita, the prevailing climate, as well as national and local policies to promote efficiency. In many countries, buildings consume more energy than transport and industry. The International Energy Agency (IEA) statistics estimate that globally, the building sector is responsible for more electricity consumption than any other sector, 42%. In general, building energy consumption is higher in industrialized countries. Thus, development has an important effect on energy demand from the building sector, implying that building efficiency becomes more significant as countries become more prosperous. In this project, we explore the concept of “energy efficiency” and implications that it may have on regulations, economics, energy demand, and the environment. Proposals to improve the current situation based on 3R principle are also proposed, adopting innovative technologies and market models, and implementing targeted economic incentives.
Title Automatic bollard system for traffic control
Guide Name Prof. Pushkar Bharambe
Group members PATIL SAINATH KARBASAPPA SONDAGAR MEHUL THAKERSHI BANGERA MANISHA GANGADHAR VITHLANI RAJ BHARATBHAI
Abstract The steady increase in the number of vehicles on the road has increased traffic congestion in most urban cities of the world especially Mumbai. One approach most countries are taking to address this issue is the expansion of roadways. However, this approach still comes with its share of challenges. Demolition of older roads can be quite costly. Most urban cities lack the free space required for such a venture. Even with the improvements in road infrastructure, it is evident that the rate at which travelers buy vehicles has surpassed that of new infrastructure development. Also due to expansions, roads are able to serve more vehicles; consequently utilizing the additional capacity. In this study we are introducing bollards which are commonly used as vehicle barriers. A bollard is a short post that guides traffic, deters vehicle intrusions, and protects people and structures.During peak hours on going traffic is heavily packed. So to curb this traffic issue, by- pass of traffic from the opposite side with the help of automatic bollards are introduced in order to form a safe diversion of traffic. Bollards act as visual guides, reminding drivers to drive safely and responsibly in extra lane.
Title Modification of flexible pavement with plastic and zycosoil
Guide Name Prof. Prateek Pagare
Group members PANDEY SHUBHAM SHREEPRAKASH PANDEY RAJNEESH AMRESHCHAND SAHANI KISHAN MURALI MOHAN  AAKASH RAJESH
Abstract In India, most of the pavements are of flexible pavement as they are economical compared to rigid pavements but its maintenance causes more trouble and also increases cost of flexible pavement construction. Bitumen and aggregates being an important aspect of flexible pavement should be modified by mixing it with different materials in order to prevent the pavement from cracking and deterioration of the pavement. Plastic wastes from both industrial and household sectors can be used in the asphalt mix. Bitumen acting as a binding material in the pavement when mixed with the plastic waste brings more stability to the roads and helps in resisting the forces from the vehicles. Plastic waste in the shredded form when mixed with the aggregates also helps providing better results for pavement. The Plastic Coated Aggregates (PCA) forms better raw material as they have very less void present in between them. As the waste product like plastic which is non- biodegradable material is utilized in this process it also solves the problem of disposing of plastic waste in safe and more useful way. Hence in this study different test is to be done regarding more stable and effective proportions to be used between bitumen and plastic waste comprising of Marshal Stability test, Ductility test, Penetration test and Stripping test for aggregate. Plastic waste being in different forms when come in contact with rain water, UV- rays, fuel, etc can cause reaction with them and also may cause degradation of pavement. Basically, the plastic waste used in the bitumen mix will not show the inert properties. So as preventive measure thin layer bitumen mixed with zycosoil is used as a cover over the bitumen mix with plastic waste. Tests like Marshal Stability test is performed with mix of zycosoil in proportion of 0.03%, 0.04% and 0.06% of dosage and compare its properties as per IRC codes.
Title Waste And Recycle Material In Concrete
Guide Name Prof. Basaveshwar Bansode
Group members BHARADWAJ RAHUL GANDHI SWAPNIL MISHRA ROHIT
Abstract A construction industry plays vital role in India which leads into the economic development. Solid waste management has gained a lot of attention to the research community now-a- days. Use of solid waste in construction industry holds a high potential of reducing global environmental pollution. The materials like a cement, fine aggregate (sand) and coarse aggregate which is used to prepare concrete were once easily available in our country, but now there is a high demand in materials which has gone to high scenario. In this project, an experimental investigation is done on the partial replacement of concrete materials which reduces our sole dependence on traditional materials of concrete. Partial replacement of coarse aggregate with coconut shell, sawdust, rubber (Tire tubes), glass and demolition waste like debris makes construction process economical and also improves the properties of concrete.
Title Partial replacement of concrete Ingredients
Guide Name Prof. Pushkar Bharambe
Group members BRAHMBHATT NIKHIL PRAJAPATI KISHAN BALDEV JHA RAHULKUMAR RAJGOR BHARAT
Abstract Due to rapid growth in construction activity, the available sources of natural sand are getting exhausted and also, good quality sand and aggregate may have to be transported from long distance, which adds to cost of construction. In some cases, natural sand and aggregate may not be of good quality. Therefore, it is necessary to replace concrete ingredients by alternate materials partially, without compromising the quality of concrete. This can be done by utilization of waste materials in concrete works. Materials such as Rubber powder, Cockle Shell, Bagasse Ash, Coconut Shell. Tire production in India is about 1416.5 lakh/nos, also cockle and coconut shell, Bagasse ash as waste are available in abundance. This materials can be replaced in concrete in order to reduce overall cost of concrete and to improve environmental health. We designed concrete for characteristic strength of M30,M40 for 7,28 days for continuous curing. We studied the procedure for material analysis, gradation, calculation of mix, mixing of ingredients, casting of cubes and testing of cubes for their respective strength expected.
Title Cotton mix concrete
Guide Name Prof. Pankaj Jadhav
Group members AGARWAL SAMARTH ATUL CHAUDHARI DEEPAK PHOOLCHAND MULEWA DILIP KAPUR YADAV ABHISHEK DAYASHANKAR
Abstract Aim of this study to determine Compressive strength and Flexural strength of M20 grade concrete with use of cotton fiber and silica fume. 15B-SP is used to improve the workability of concrete which is based on Sulphonated naphthalene polymers. Efforts for improving the performance of concrete over the past few years suggest that cement replacement materials along with mineral and chemical admixtures can improve the strength characteristics of concrete. Silicafume can be utilized to produce high strength and durable concrete composites. The Concrete specimens were cured on normal moist curing under normal atmospheric temperature. The Compressive strength determined at 7 and 28 days and Flexural strength at 28 days. The addition of Cotton fiber by the weight of concrete shows an increase strength property and Silica fume as cement replacement material shows early long- term strength. This system that is Ordinary Portland Cement - Cotton fiber - Silica fume concrete was found to increase the Compressive and Flexural strength of concrete on all ages when compared to concrete made with Cotton fiber and Silica fume and GGBS.
Title BIM
Guide Name Prof. Prajakta Mukadam
Group members MISHRA SUNNY AKHILESH JAIN GAURAV BHAGWATILAL JHA SHANKAR KUMARKANT YADAV  RAHUL BHARATLAL
Abstract In the construction sector around the globe, lot of new technologies and methods are emerging to tackle the traditional construction problems and to obtain a faster speed of construction and a better coordination between the Architecture Construction and Engineering (AEC) industry. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is one such technology or process for a better planning, analysis and design of the construction projects. More coordination is achieved using BIMthan conventional methods. Efforts are being taken by the AEC industry to adopt more BIM technology in their respective areas for a better output and time saving which would indirectly save cost of project. The purpose of this project is to analyze BIMadoption in Mumbai, India which is metropolitan city by doing a questionnaire survey through various modes like Google forms and personal interviews. The survey is conducted to determine the BIMusage in the construction sector in Mumbai and the challenges that are faced by the AEC industry for adopting BIM. Also to study the BIM software used in the industry like Autodesk Revit and to learn the software and application of it for a G+2 Office Building. The project study includes modeling of G+ 2 Office Building with all aspects of the planning like floor plan, site plan, sectional plans, 3D modeling and also scheduling of doors and windows in BIM software called Autodesk Revit which shows all the elements of the Office Building with a 3D view. Thus understanding the advantages of it in the planning and execution of the project. The project study concludes that the construction market in Mumbai is realizing the importance of BIM in all stages of the construction projects and efforts have been taken for
implementing BIMusage in construction companies. It also shows that BIM software like Autodesk Revit is a very useful tool for the planning and analysis of the construction project and changes can be made in the project anytime without causing many problems. Major benefits like clash detection can be done in this software which was not possible earlier.
Title Vertical farming proposal in India
Guide Name Prof. Prajakta Mukadam
Group members PANDEY ATUL SINGH ROHIT TIWARI SONU SONI SAJAY
Abstract As the India’s population grows in a rapid manner, the land required to produce the food required also increases. The concept of a vertical farm was introduced to remedy this crisis. In vertical farming, farms are stacked on top of one another, instead of branching out horizontally. After the Industrial revolution carbon footprint produced from the industries has increased in rapid manner resulting in climate change and global warming which had adversely affected agricultural production in many ways like degrading the quality and quantity of crops. Many variables to consider are cultivation quantity and quality, design and supporting technology in order to have successful implementation of vertical farming in India. Vertical farming is the practice of producing food and medicine in vertically stacked layers, vertically inclined surfaces or integrated in other structures such as in a skyscraper, used warehouse, or shipping container, terrace etc. The project study is basically restricted to propose a self sustained structure based on vertical farming using a modern farming technique of soil-less agriculture to counter the problems generated in current conventional farming i.e. horizontal farming practiced in India. The project study also concludes cost benefit of vertical farming over horizontal farming. Project focuses basicallyon use of technique of hydroponic in vertical farming. The resulting social benefit from project is that the future population gets fed with organic and nutritious food. The project implements optimum uses of resources such as land and water so that maximum output can be achieved to overcome the food scarcity in future.
Title Environmental impact assessment of Mumbai Metro Line 4
Guide Name Prof. Sagar Khaire
Group members RANDIVE NILESH SINGH SAKSHI MASKAR HARSHA
Abstract The Environmental Impact assessment of any Infrastructure project is carried out for determining the Environment and Socio-Economic impacts prior to the commencement of construction. With effect from the notification of Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) it is mandatory to carry out an Environmental Impact assessment for projects costing more than 50 crore rupees as well as affecting a large population. This thesis project assesses the Environmental impacts for the upcoming Metro Line 4(Wadala-Ghatkopar- Teen Hath Naka (Thane)-Kasarwadavli). The project mainly aims at quantifying the maximum positive and negative impacts on the Environment during and after the construction. With this objective, a literature reviewentailing two case studies of similar projects in India and the world are mentioned. For achieving public participation and ensuring transparency, a survey of the professionals, students, and local people from the surrounding area of project location having the background in the field of Environment was conducted. The answers to the survey questionnaire are tabulated with regards to maximum and minimum impacts and interpreted using the concept of ‘Leopold’s Matrix’. Based on the result from the ‘Leopold’s Matrix’ critical impacts are decided and study with respect to those factors will be done in the future aspect of the project. A detailed study about the environment aspects of the project are to be studied and analyzed.
Title Glass Reinforced Fiber Concrete
Guide Name Prof. Shantiom khatavkar
Group members KESARWANI AWDESH PRAJAPATI SURAJ GODSE SURAJ PAL NARENDRA
Abstract The amount of waste glass has gradually increased over the recent years due to an ever-growing use of glass products. Most of the waste glasses are being dumped into landfill sites. The land filling of waste glasses is undesirable because they are not biodegradable, which makes them environmentally less friendly. There is huge potential for using waste glass in the concrete construction sector. When waste glasses are reused in making concrete products, the production cost of concrete will come down. Crushed glass or cullet, if properly sized and processed, can exhibit characteristics similar to that of gravel or sand. In this report we are going to discuss how the GRP waste powder will have its significant effect on concrete and its properties. Cement replacement levels by GRP waste powder 0, 0.5, 1.5, and 2.5%. The compressive strength of concrete cubes is tested for 7, 28, days were found and the flexural strength of the concrete beams is tested for 7, 28 days were found.
Title Rating system for sustainable roads
Guide Name Prof. Basaveshwar Bansode
Group members 1.SINGH ABHISHEK GAUTAM 2.PATIL HITESH GANESH 3.QURESHI SHAHID MOHAMMED 4.SHAIKH ANEES SALIM
Abstract As sustainabilityincreasingly becomes a concern to society, it is in state transportation agencies’ best interests to embrace and adopt initiatives that will both educate their employees and the communities they serve on how transportation systems and system operations can be viewed within such a context. One of the strategies that can be adopted for providing a more sustainable approach to highway design is a “highways rating system.” Adopting a strategy such as the one proposed in our research will enable an agency to compare projects based on sustainability goals and outcomes. Such a rating system can provide several benefits to various departments of transportation. Comparing the ratings of  proposed projects during the early programming process may also help in the selection of more sustainably effective and efficient projects. Additionally, a project in the project planning phase could use the green rating criteria to identify those areas where changes in design could result in more environmentally sensitive designs. A Roadways rating tool is an important means of fostering an environmental ethic in a transportation agency, one that could become more important in years to come.
Title soil stabalization using biomedical waste- SYRINGE
Guide Name Prof. Pooja Kulkarni
Group members 1.PUROHIT MOHIT SUDHIR 2.MOR JAYSHREE DAMJI 3.LAD SONALI DEVCHAND 4.ABHISHEK DUBEY MANOJ
Abstract Soil stabilization is a technique of altering some soil properties by different methods such as mechanical or chemical stabilization in order to produce an improved soil material which has all the desired engineering properties such as increased shear strength, bearing capacity etc. Stabilization of black cotton soil can be done by using biomedical waste (syringe). Biomedical waste syringe which is produced in every hospitals but rarely reused, so by crushing the plastic after detaching the needle and using it in stabilization of black cotton soil, will not only reduce the burden of disposing of the waste but also help to reduce the environmental pollution which will be obviously caused by dumping it. Powders of syringe were added in different proportion (2%, 4%, 6%, and 8%) by dry weight of soil. The results showed that there is marginally increase in strength, CBR and UCS values of black cotton soil by the addition of powdered syringe. The proposed method can be used for small projects like construction of village roads. The thickness of the pavement can be reduced by using powdered biomedical waste (syringe).
Title Charachteristics performance of blended cement concrete with natural fibers (sisal fibre)
Guide Name Prof. Pooja Kulkarni
Group members 1.DUBEY NIRAJ VINOD 2.SHAIKH MADASSIR AHMED 3.YADAV MAHESH PRITHVINATH 4.AMISH PANKAJKUMAR PATEL
Abstract India is a developing country, therefore Infrastructure development is necessary for our country and concrete plays a vital role in it. Concrete is the world’s largest consuming material in the construction field. The emission of carbon-dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere from  the  operation  and maintena nce of structures as well as production of building materials  can  be reduced  by using renewable resources  and construction  materials.  Conventional   concrete is relatively strong in compression  but  weak in  tension,  in  order to overcome the weakness, the use of a sufficient volume  of certain  fibers  such as sisal  fiber is used  in  this  experiment,  which  is  easily  available,  renewable  and economical. Micro silica, an industrial byproduct which is a very fine non- crystalline material is very good as filler material to provide good strength. By utilizing these waste materials in construction activities which solve the environmental pollution problems, also safer and economical construction. The main objective of this project is to investigate  effect  of silica fume and fiber orientation of sisal fiber on performance of concrete, which ultima te ly solve the problems of waste disposal and reduces global warming. Here in the experiment an attempt has been made  to  increase  the strength of concrete by replacing cement partially with  silica  fume  and  sisal fibers at varying percentage in a design mix of M30 and  M40 at the  specific  ages of 7 days and 28 days.
Title Labour productivity and Management
Guide Name Prof. Pankaj Jadhav
Group members 1.SHAH MANAV VINOD 2.VAJA GAURAV YOGESH 3.GAJANI VARUN MAHESH 4.AMBAVANE PRATHAMESH
Abstract India has increased the investment in construction industry over the past years and its being increasing at a rapid pace. The haziness of construction projects are always related to its duration being very long, such characteristic would require the responsible personnel to coordinate and collaborate within the addressed parties. In construction projects, both academics and action takers have a dispute on the causes of construction projects’ problems, but both agree that the main problem is the company’s focus on optimization of the individual personnel rather than focusing on the long term efficiency of team performance. Productivity is an important aspect of construction industry that may be used as an index for efficiency of production. Efficient management of construction resources can lead to higher productivity which can help to achieve cost and time saving. Construction is labour oriented industry. It heavily relies on the skills of its workforce. The labour is industry’s most valuable asset. It is important to improve efficiency of production by improving productivity of labour. Decreasing productivity of project has always been major concern for construction Industry. Aim of this project is to study the importance of measurement of labour productivity in construction industry around Mumbai sector after finding the factors affecting labour productivity.Factors affecting labour productivity were analysed using RII method. Measurement of labour productivity is done using work study method. RII method revealed top ten ranked factors which affect labour productivity. The data collection is done by work study method shows skilled labour as highly important factor affecting labour productivity. From the analysis of data collected it is observed that measurement of labour productivity is helpful in saving the time of the project as well as cost of project without hampering the quality of work.
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